Coins of India have a rich history of several centuries. From the earliest coins of ancient India, to medieval kingdoms and British regime, there is a lot to learn from Indian coinage. Let’s take a look at five interesting coins of India that were issued during the Ancient, Medieval and Colonial period. Square Shaped Copper […]
Coins of India have a rich history of several centuries. From the earliest coins of ancient India, to medieval kingdoms and British regime, there is a lot to learn from Indian coinage. Let’s take a look at five interesting coins of India that were issued during the Ancient, Medieval and Colonial period.
Square Shaped Copper Coin of Chera Dynasty
These ancient coins of India were issued by Chera dynasty somewhere between 1118AD to 1180AD. These unique square-shaped Indian coins were die struck in 6.72 grams of copper. The obverse of these beautiful coins of India featured an elephant facing right, an arched hill to its right, bow and arrow above, a fish, a wavy line and a battle axe. The reverse features a strung bow and arrow.
The Chera dynasty was one of the three most prominent dynasties of South India during the early centuries of the Common Era. Cholas and the Pandyas were the other two major powers in South India. They exchanged spices with the Middle East, North African and the Graeco-Roman traders.
Copper 1 1/2 Karshapana of Ujjain
These lovely coins in India were struck for the Independent state of Ujjain somewhere around 200 BC. They bore the denomination 1 1/2 Karshapana and were die struck in 11.99 grams of copper. These ancient round-shaped coins of India had a diameter of 18 millimetres. The obverse featured Lord Shiva standing on lotus holding danda in right and kamandalu in left; railed tree on left; six-armed symbol above taurine on right. The reverse featured the double-orbed Ujjain symbol.
The Mauryan emperor Chandragupta captured Avanti in the 4th Century BCE. Ujjain was the capital of the Western province of Mauryan Empire. It is located in the central part of the Indian Subcontinent. Ashoka served as the viceroy of Ujjain and married Devi, the daughter of a merchant from Vedisagiri.
Copper Paisa of Sikh Dynasty
These medieval India coins were issued by the Sikh Dynasty under the regime of Ranjit Singh, somewhere between 1799 and 1839 AD. This round shaped copper paisa weighed around 7 to 12 grams and followed the Vikram Samvat (VS) calendar system. These Scarce coins of India were struck at Amritsar and featured the text Akal Sahaigur Nanakji with a Flag on the obverse. The reverse featured the text Jabara Sri Amb Ratsarji with Vs date.
The Sikh Empire was a secular empire formed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh after he captured Lahore in 1799. He founded Khalsa from a collection of autonomous Sikh territories. In the 19th century, the Empire comprised of regions between Khyber Pass in the west, western Tibet in the east, Mithankot in the south and Kashmir in the north.
U shaped Gold Fanam of Shilahara Dynasty
These unique shaped Indian coins were struck by Shilahara Dynasty during the medieval period between 1100 AD and 1200 AD. This tiny U shaped Gold Fanam Indian Coin weighed 0.48 and was struck using the punch marked minting technique. The obverse features three punches- Garuda running to right and Kannada legend (Shri) Ude and Kara while the reverse was kept blank.
The Shilahara Kingdom comprised of northern and southern Konkan, present-day Mumbai and southern Maharashtra during the Rashtrakuta period. One branch ruled North Konkan, the second South Konkan and the third ruled present-day Satara, Kollapura and Belagavi regions between 940 and 1215. The Chalukya dynasty overtook their power after that.
Silver Rupee of Empress Victoria
These amazing British India coins were die-struck during the regime of Victoria Empress in 1878 at Bombay mint. This round-shaped silver rupee weighed 11.66 grams and had a diameter of 30.6-30.7 millimetres. The obverse featured Empress Victoria wearing her crown and the text VICTORIA EMPRESS. The reverse featured the value, date, wreath and text ONE RUPEE INDIA 1878.
After the revolt of 1857, India became an official British Colony. Queen Victoria was termed as the Empress of India. The local presidencies stopped issuing coins and the responsibility for issuing currency was taken over by the British Government.
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