Focusing on individual question type in this section is very important. It is utmost essential to make sure that time is managed properly and one should be aware about the approximate time to be spent on each question type. The following paragraphs will talk about the methods and strategies which will help us in achieving […]
Focusing on individual question type in this section is very important. It is utmost essential to make sure that time is managed properly and one should be aware about the approximate time to be spent on each question type. The following paragraphs will talk about the methods and strategies which will help us in achieving a par score. Improving general reading and comprehension skills is also required along with working on these tips and techniques. Reading articles, newspapers, professional writing, reading blogs by eminent sources etc will definitely help us to work on these skills. Make sure that all the reading material is in the formal tone, thus selection of the content is equally important before the actual reading process begins. Editorials and essays written by good sources will prove handy in this case.
The act of reading and properly comprehending a text is a complex and interactive process, but people take this very lightly. Different brain functions need to work together and most often reading requires one to puzzle through multiple layers of context and meaning.
Considering that the process of reading comprehension is so complicated, we can often find ourselves understanding the most basic interpretation of a text, but missing the emotional core or the “larger picture.” Or we might end up understanding the content is a completely wrong manner.
The good point is that reading comprehension can be improved upon with some dedication and everyone who struggles in English comprehension, in standardized tests, or everyday communication, can be better at the same. I will be talking about various tips and strategies for working on Reading comprehension and also offer tips for enhancing your understanding as you read.
DECODING READING COMPREHENSION
Reading comprehension is the complete understanding of what a particular text or a passage or article or a story means and the ideas the author is attempting to convey, both apparent and implied. Understanding the implied meaning, the relevant context behind the words, is equally important rather than just reading the passage literally. Subtle language and vocabulary usage can impact emotion and meaning behind the obvious and the entire thing works together as a one meaningful whole to the reader.
Our mind performs many activities simultaneously while any passage is being read and it is natural for some meaning of the passage to get lost while processing the information or meaning. But the best part is that like any other skill, Reading Comprehension is a skill that can be mastered by anyone who faces issue with the same. It must be learned through practice, focus, and diligence.
Good reading comprehension comes only with practice. Word recognition, phonetics and fluency are the basic aspects of reading and can be mastered in a short span of time. However, reading comprehension must be emphasized throughout this process. Students will be unable to fully understand content, predict what will happen next, recognize characters, gain insight or understanding to build upon, or relate what they’re reading to their own life’s experience in the absence of proper reading comprehension. They are merely repeating the same words mentioned in the passage, but the understanding part is surely missing
You will be surprised to know that classrooms across various countries have students who struggle with reading comprehension. They may be able to phonetically decipher words and sound them out, but that is the extent of their ability to read. They don’t know what the words actually mean. They don’t have the reading comprehension skills to fully grasp concepts, ideas and word phrases expressed in written text. Full comprehension of what you read is necessary to a gain proper understanding, develop a new skill, or for pure pleasure of reading. Reading comprehension is also imperative for a successful career and to excel academically.
Students frequently enter college without understanding how necessary good reading comprehension skills are for academic success. Those who grasp the information they read in textbooks earn better grades and experience far less stress than those who struggle to fully understand what they’re reading. Your ability to understand complicated concepts detailed in textbooks will be enhanced after going through the following methods.
A brief summary of the text is required before the reading process starts. This will give you an idea of what to expect in the text, so your reading will be more productive. Reading the introduction and reviewing the table of contents should be the first thing in a pre-reading survey. Next, read section and chapter headings and text highlighted with bold print. Through this process, focus on the overall theme rather than going in details.
The following is a bullet list of specifics things you should look over and/or read when performing a pre-reading survey of a textbook chapter.
- Title and subtitles – Reading the chapter title and subtitles will provide you overall topic of the chapter, and will provide your reading direction and focus.
- Questions at the beginning of each chapter – Many (not all) text books include focus questions at beginning of each chapter. Reviewing these questions before reading the text will help provide focus and indicate what to look for while reading the chapter.
- Introductions and first paragraphs – The first paragraph of a chapter usually provides an introduction to what the chapter will be about. Reading the first paragraph, or introduction, will what the material you’re about to read is going to be about.
- Subheadings – Many sections will begin with boldface subheadings. Reviewing these subheadings before reading the chapter will provide you an idea of what major topics to focus on as you read each chapter section.
- Beginning of each paragraph – The first sentence of a paragraph usually introduces the central thought of the paragraph. It tells you what the paragraph is about. However, in some texts, the first sentence is more of an attention getter. If this case, you’ll need to read the first and second sentence of each paragraph. This exercise alone will provide you a very good idea of what the entire chapter is about and the major themes to look for as you read.
- Statistics – Look for any material that is presented in list form (i.e., 1, 2, 3, lettered a, b, c, etc.). Bulleted list of information, pictures, diagrams, maps and pictures can all help you identify the most important points of the chapter.
- Chapter summary – The last paragraph or summary provides a condensed explanation of what the chapter was about – including the most important take always.
- Chapter closure – Sometimes text books will provide study questions, or other study materials, at the end of each chapter. If present, review these materials to get a better idea of the important ideas and concepts to look for as you read.
IDENTIFY THE PURPOSE
Many texts contain information and details that are unrelated to the most important concepts and ideas. A proper focus can be maintained while reading if the purpose is identified properly. Defining your purpose ahead of time will also help you classify information that is relevant to the main concepts, as well as that which is nonessential, so that the maximum time is spent in studying the most important topic areas
GO THROUGH THE TEXT BODY
Now that you’ve completed your pre-reading survey and identified a purpose, it’s time to actually sit down and read the text. If you have a difficult time concentrating when you read, reading out loud is recommended. Many people comprehend material better if they read it out loud – especially if you are an auditory learner.
HIGHLIGHT IMPORTANT CONCEPTS
Writing something down is one of the most effective memory techniques. As you come across key concepts, facts and ideas, use a highlighter, write them down on a piece of paper, or make a note in the margin. This will help you remember what you’ve read and be able to quickly access important sections for future reference.
After reading a text, take time to identify what you’ve learned and important take away. This will help you internalize what you’ve learned and help you retain it for future reference. Identifying what you’ve learned will also help you identify what you still do not fully comprehend, so you can spend more time reviewing unclear concepts.